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Course Notes



What is Music?

* There are many definitions about music. All of them are acceptable definitions, but it is difficult to make a general definition that includes them all. However, if he tries to define it anyway, we can say: Music is the regulated voices that describe, express and express people's feelings, thoughts, what they take from nature and sometimes just nature. It is known to exist since the most primitive ages.

In Ancient Greek Philosophy, the effect of music is seen intensely. Thus; The words music-music-music-music are of Greek origin. The suffix –ike or –ika, which comes to the end of the word fairy in the Greek alphabet written in mousa letters and read as musa, gives the meaning of the language spoken to that word; As in Elenika (Greek), Turkika (Turkish), Italika (Italian). The word `` iki '', which is added to Moses, also gives the word fairy as the language spoken by the fairies. indicates that attributes are attributed.

Music; it is both an art and a science. In addition to its emotional perception, it can also be grasped with intelligence. With this feature, it determines the status of the individual and the society in terms of affection and cognition, as well as an organic structure that provides development and change. The most beautiful form of sound is expressed with music. The picture is a combination of colors; Just as poetry is formed from the fusion of words; music also consists of selecting and processing sounds according to a certain aesthetic understanding to describe our emotions, thoughts and excitement.



It is called sound that the sound waves coming from any object reach our ear through air. The human ear can hear sounds between 20 and 20,000 Mhz. The features of the sound can be listed as follows:

1.Voice Height: Refers to the highness (fineness) and pessivity (thickness) of sounds.

2.Voice Sound: It is the color-personality of the sound that can be distinguished. example, human voice, violin sound, piano sound

3. Sound intensity (Strength): It expresses the strength and lightness of the sound.

4. Sound continuity: It refers to the spread of sound over time. Specifies the length and shortness.

5. Voice Emphasis: Emphasis on sounds in terms of expression and interpretation.



It is the element that ensures the harmonious and orderly ordering of sounds in a certain period of time.


It means "reading". It is called reading notes with their names, voices and durations.


It is called reading voices only by their names and durations.


The method used to rate and measure the times while reading a music structure is called a beat. The stroke is made on the basis of measure. It can be applied with hand, foot or other materials.


* The shape consisting of five lines and four equal intervals on which the notes are written is called a porte or a knee. The notes are distinguished according to the place they take on the port.


The note is of Latin origin as a word. The grade is used for recording. It is a term about favoring voices. The universal note language and porte we use today were discovered in the 11th century by Guido d'Arezzo, a priest and musician in Italy. It is the first syllable of every line of a hymn that gives its names to the note. This order was later ordered by adding the sound of si and replacing the word UT in the 17th century: Do, re, mi, fa, sol, la, si. With the sound of La being brought to an international standard, its frequency is 440 Hz. It was determined as. The reason for basing the note La is that babies make a sound when they are born.


* Signs that show the height and duration of sounds are called notes. We can think like this: instead of the letters in the text, there are musical notes. Each note points to a certain sound. A person who knows how to read a note understands both the loudness (fineness-thickness distinction) of that sound and how long that note will continue (played or spoken).


There are 7 note names: Do-Re-Mi-Fa-Sol-La-Si. These notes are also named in letters according to the English system. The order is as follows: Do: C, Re: D, Mi: E, Fa: F, Left: G, La: A, Si:


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